Additionally, individual security has been extended to encompass a security which transcends physical or geographic borders. This notion of security is based upon the idea of a shared humanity, irrespective of country of origin or geographic location.
The development of UN peacekeeping forces is undeniably the most pronounced aspect of this desire to promote security on a global scale and United Nations Peacekeepers have been involved in a variety of situations since its establishment from Israel to Cyprus and Rwanda to East Timor. Peacekeeping is an important objective of the United Nations and peacekeeping operations exist throughout the world to protect human security and the lives of some of the most vulnerable people on the planet. While UN peacekeeping operations have at times been mired in controversy, this UN initiative exists to ensure a common standard of peace across the globe.
Accordingly, UN structures and practices have evolved over time to encompass a far-reaching conception of human security. From a structural perspective, the United Nations has developed a variety of institutions to promote international security including the aptly named Security Council, a plethora of UN mandated international peacekeeping missions (UNAMIR in Rwanda was perhaps the most infamous in recent memory) and organizations such as UNICEF and the UNRWA in Israel/Palestine.
Another recent attempt to promote international human security, irrespective of political borders and geographic frontiers has been the establishment of the United Nations International Criminal Court. Current incarnations of this international body include the International Criminal Court in Liberia and the International Criminal Court for the Former Yugoslavia. These institutions work directly to promote a common human rights standard across the globe and try perpetrators of violent crimes and crimes against humanity. By promoting human security through a variety of endeavors and bodies, the United Nations has evolved both in scope as well as in substance to promulgate a shared sense of humanity.
A supranational multilateral organization which promotes peace, harmony and collective well-being, the United Nations represents the best of concerted action and is an optimal organization to promote human security and the promotion of international human rights. Multicultural in composition and outlook, the UN works to promote intercultural dialogue and maintain a secure and prosperous planet. Accordingly, the United Nations has an important role to play in ensuring that the horrors of another World War never occur again. Since the United Nations represents multilateralism, collective decision-making and negotiation on a global scale it is the most pronounced example of a supranational political body ever created. In response to the extension of the concept of security, the United Nations has grown substantially in both organizational size and scope (Yoder, 1993; Rothschild, 2005).
The research proposed in this study will assess the accomplishments as well as the overall performance of the United Nations Peacekeeping and Development from the time of its inception to the present with a specific focus on efficiency and effectiveness. The following figure will serve as a framework for process and planning and as well will serve to bridge the gap between peacekeeping and development and will provide a clear understanding and activities that can achieve the desired results.
Input from World Countries ( informs -(
Change and Reform
Initiatives to Ensure
Input from Special Committee/Study-( informs -(Effectiveness and Efficiency in and Research/Assessment
Peacekeeping and Development
Other additional case study input -( informs
Purpose of Study
The primary purpose of this study is to incorporate peacekeeping.