All in all, Turkey is once again western through democracy, but eastern through its identity elements.
4. Impact on Turkeys development and the relations with the United States, Europe and the Middle East
An interesting element at this stage is constituted by the undying desire of Turkey to adhere to the European Union. On the one hand, the country perceives this adherence as a natural step in the historical process and continually prepares for the entrance to the community. Yet, most members of the EU fear the inclusion of Turkey within the communitys structures. The main arguments, while they have suffered modifications through time, refer to the different cultural values (including both religion as well as ethnicity) in Turkey and in Europe (Gole). In other words, there is the perception that Islam and other Middle East resembling features would not be adequately integrated within the European Union.
The same features are observable in the relationship with the United States, with the specification that the reticence of the North American country could even be more intense than the reticence of the European Union. And this is true even more so now, in the aftermath of the terrorist attacks of 9/11 and during the ongoing war on terrorism. Before these conflicts had emerged, the U.S., much like the E.U., was willing to perceive Turkey as a democratic state, implementing western values. Their perception, and as such the relations with these regions, suffered with the realization of the Muslim roots.
Unfortunately enough for Turkey, its relations with the Middle East stand to face loses as its relations with the west improve, or as the country intensifies its efforts in the respective direction.
This state of events is explicable through the long standing cultural and political tensions between the two global regions.
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